Espresso coffee originated in Italy, and is created by forcing a relatively small amount of very hot water through finely ground coffee under pressure, for a short time. This style of coffee features the greatest degree of extraction, and consequently has the most body.

A distinctive element of espresso is its crema, which is a fine foam composed of coffee oils which have been emulsified by the brewing process. This highly concentrated form of coffee is enjoyed on its own or as the base for drinks including milk such as the latte, cappucino, or flat white.